Virtues of Marriage
It is reported that the human being is a social animal. It means that he is in need of society for many of his needs. He needs to live under a support of a family.
The family is based on marriage and union of two partners. Then they become a small family and then they turn into a clan. The paternal and maternal relations as well as the ties of in-laws come into existence only because of marriage and then a human being gets a family who supports him/her in every aspect of life and helps him/her to do good deeds and restrain from evils and provides security. Moreover, the human existence and its preservation totally depends on marriage. Therefore, marriage has a great importance in Islam. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) declared marriage as his Sunnah and the Sunnah of the other prophets who came before him, and disliked unmarried life because marriage leads a human being to secure mental relief, chastity and mutual love and affection and it also saves him from having intimacy and doing evil deeds.
Definition of Marriage
Marriage is an abidance of the order mentioned in the Glorious Qur’ān and Ḥadīth. Moreover, it is a source of getting children and chastity. It saves a human being from perpetrating forbidden acts. The marriage is, therefore, a contract as well as a worship.
Marriage is a contract between a couple, made according to Islamic principles and, as result, the children born from the legal intercourse of a man and a woman are legally attributed to them and the couple has mutual responsibilities and duties
Ruling of Marriage
The requirement of getting married differs based on the difference of eligibility of fulfilling the duties of marriage and the fear of falling into fornication. The details are as follows:
a. If the man is sure that he can afford the expenditure of a woman and can fulfil other duties and if he does not get married, he will surely perpetrate adultery, then getting married in this condition is obligatory (farḍ) upon him.
b. If he is sure that he can afford the expenditure of a woman and can fulfil other duties and if he does not get married, he will probably perpetrate adultery, then getting married in this condition is obligatory (wājib) upon him. c. Marriage in normal conditions is Sunnah Mu’wakkadah.
‘Normal condition’ means that he is eligible to make sexual relationship as well as to pay expenditure and he is sure that if he does not get married, he will not fall in adultery and he is also sure he will neither oppress his wife nor will he give up farḍ and sunan mu’akkadah acts due on him.
d. If he does not have eligibility to fulfil the duties like providing expenditure and so on or he is sure he will do injustice to his would-be wife, then the marriage in this condition is forbidden (ḥarām).
e. If he is though not sure but he thinks that he will probably do injustice to his would-be wife, then the marriage in this condition is makrūh taḥrīmī–
Note: The same Islamic ruling on marriage is applicable in case of a woman too, with the only difference that a woman is not responsible for expenditure Majmūʿah Qawānīn Islāmī, p. 38.